A new rose
bush will provide
stunning color, fragrance and texture in just about any garden setting. And unlike
roses of old, today's modern roses require surprisingly little
care. By following just a few basic tips, your rose will thrive beautify for
years. When receiving your rose from Breck's remove roses from container and soak the
roots in a pail of water for at least an hour (no more than 12 hours) just before
planting. Select a sunny (at least 6 hours of sun) location and well drained soil.
Roses do not like "wet feet."
- Although your roses can
be planted at any time, best results are achieved when they are planted on a cloudy,
calm day. Dig a hole 12-18"deep and wide enough so all of the roots can be spread
out without touching the sides of the hole. Mix the soil from the hole with a good
measure of leaf mold, peat moss, manure or compost. Mound a cone of soil in the
centre of the hole. Trim off any broken roots, then spread healthy roots around soil
mound with bud union (the knot at the base of the plant) at ground level for mild
climates, 2-3" below ground level for cold climates. Fill hole half full with soil
mixture, and water well to settle soil and eliminate air pockets. Let water
drain--this is a good way to be sure your rose will have adequate drainage.
Fill remainder of hole with soil mixture. Water thoroughly again. Then, mound loose
soil up and around canes to protect the plant from sudden temperature changes.
Gently wash away soil to ground level when rose is well-sprouted.
Watering-- Roses require the equivalent of 1" of
rainfall each week. They will bloom best if their roots are kept moist but not
waterlogged. Water thoroughly--a slow, deep soak at the ground is most efficient.
Don't water from above--avoid getting foliage wet, as this can encourage disease
problems. Deadheading, the process of removing faded blooms from your rose plants, is the best way to
keep hybrid tea
and floribunda roses
blooming all season. When you
deadhead, cut back below the first five-leaflet stem to promote strong return
growth. Removing any dead flowers prevents the formation of hips, so plants can
direct their energy to developing new blooms and foliage. Most shrub roses we offer are self-cleaning.
The petals drop on their own as they mature, and new blooms come behind them.
In the Winter-- After the first killing frost of fall, make a mound of loose soil at
least 8" high over the base of the plant in zones 5 and below. Then cover the mound
and remaining exposed canes with hay, straw, grass clippings, oak leaves or similar
In the Spring-- Modern roses
should be pruned early in the spring, when about half of the growth buds swell.
First remove any dead or damaged canes. Next you should cut back about one-third to
one-half of the previous year's growth. Then remove any crossing canes. Finally, you
will want to remove any suckers.