Spend time planning before planting bulbs in your landscape. Sketch the plan on graph paper before purchasing bulbs. This advance planning will assure that the proper number of
bulbs are purchased. Since the foliage of spring blooming bulbs
dies by early summer, this plan will provide a record of where the bulbs are planted in case annuals or perennials
are mixed in later.
As you develop this plan, keep in mind that bulbs bloom at different times. Some spring bulbs
have overlapping bloom periods, but they still maintain the order in which they bloom.
will bloom from early February to mid June. Summer bulbs
will bloom from early summer to fall.
Following is a general idea of various flowers bloom sequence: These bloom cycles
are for general reference. The following sequence depends a great deal on the weather in your area
as well as the variety of bulbs you plant. To see a sample of the bulbs that grow during each bloom cycle
use our filters on the web site to sort by bloom time.
You likely know which bulbs are planted in fall, and which to plant in spring. But by doing a bit of bloom-time planning, you’ll achieve a nonstop display of colour from early
spring through summer – just by using easy-to-care-for bulbs!
Very early spring:
, or Galanthus
, are often the first blooms to appear in spring – and they’re a great choice for areas that stay cool a
bit later in the year. These short-statured plants with small white blooms are incredibly hardy, and most flower before the last day of winter!
varieties within the Crocus
genus produces small flowers, with a longer blooming season, than
. They’ll start blooming in late winter, and can flower in colours of pink, purple, yellow, white, or even blue, depending on variety.
Imagine a golden floral carpet replacing your winter snow cover! That’s very nearly what you’ll get from these
flowers. Winter aconite offers great coverage for bare flowerbeds in early spring. The leaves are very attractive as well!
Early snow glories: Glory-of-the-snow
, or Chionodoxa
, are another “northern” plant that can actually perform well in both northern
and temperate climates. These fabulous blue star-shaped flowers are among the earliest flowers you'll see each spring. They're also great for naturalizing in yards or flower beds!
Dwarf iris mixture:
Some varieties of Dutch irises bloom
extra early – usually low-growing dwarf irises
! Try a mixture of dwarf
, such as this one from Breck’s. They’ll grow year after year and offer early-spring ground cover well before the larger bearded iris bloom.
Grecian windflowers, a daisy-shaped species of anemone, bloom in shades of pink, blue, violet and white in
early spring. These perennials
make a nice, low-growing groundcover
Just like smaller species crocuses, giant crocus
are great for naturalizing. Plant a drift of giant Dutch crocuses
of a single colour, or mix colours for a more natural effect. Their larger flowers (usually 4” to 6” in height) provide a lovely, low-growing pop of brightness.
Trumpet daffodils are the classic daffodils
, with cups longer than their petals. They feature a single flower
per stem and are very hardy – and bloom soon after the snow melts!
Jewel-toned hyacinth flowers bloom in dense spikes and are among the brightest colours you'll see in early spring.
They're often associated with Easter celebrations, and some gardeners "force" the bulbs to bloom in indoor pots for spring decor
Dwarf tulips, such as the Wild Blue Heart tulip, are low-growing species that flower in early spring. Emperor tulips
, or Fosteriana tulips
, also bloom early in
the season. Fosteriana varieties feature large-brightly-coloured cups on stocky stems.
Tulips: Mid-season-blooming tulips
include jumbo varieties, classic apeldoorn tulips
and Darwin tulips
. Many of these
tulips make up the traditional Dutch tulip fields, and are great for planting in large, multicoloured drifts. Darwin
and Triumph tulips
are hybrids bred for exceptionally long
bloom times – they may last for a month or longer!
Daffodils: Giant daffodils
, as well as large-cupped and small cupped daffs, bloom in mid-spring. Large-cupped daffodil
cultivars feature a cup longer than one-third the length of their petals, but not as long as a trumpet daffodil’s
. Small-cupped daffodils have (you guessed it!) smaller coronas.
Blue grape hyacinths:
Blue muscari blooms a bit later, and a bit longer, than standard grape hyacinths
. The unique colour of blue
really stands out among other mid-season flowers, and their low habit – growing 6” to 8” – means they pair well with taller flowers.
Late season tulips:
Late-blooming tulips include some of the fanciest and frilliest flowers: ruffled parrot tulips
, peony-flowering double tulips
, and some late Triumph
varieties. The bright colours of these unusual flowers will put you in the mood for summer.
English blue bells:
English blue bells bring a magical, fairy forest feeling to your garden. These low-growing blue flowers work
well in shade, and they naturalize very quickly. Perfect for a cottage garden!
English wood hyacinth:
Sometimes called Spanish bluebells
, these plants produce spouts of dangling, bell-shaped flowers.
Plant in patches or along the back of a bed to add a bit of mid-height interest. They’re very deer-resistant, too!
Golden Bells daffodils:
A unique species daffodil
with large golden cups, the Golden Bells daffodil
will add plenty of
spring colour to your walkway or rock garden. These daffs have a low-growing habit, and perform wonderfully as a carpet or ground cover.
Asiatic lilies are the earliest bloomers
of the lilium family
, and the easiest to care for! Several types of asiatics
- from single-bloom standards to short and spunky border lilies to multicoloured tango lilies
- are available to bring your spring garden into bloom.
Among the most popular perennials
in the late-spring set, bearded Dutch irises
grow in a vast variety of colours –
and it seems new varieties become available every season! Dutch irises
grow from rhizomes, and come back year after year. They’re a great “stand alone” planting, or can be mixed
with other tall flowers for a garden with heightened style.
Another high-rising late-spring bloom, alliums
feature a single star-shaped or “pom-pom” bloom per stem. These whimsical
flowers can be a bit tough to find at big-box stores, but they’re worth ordering online or by mail!
The corms, or roots, of hardy glads are a bit less tender than those of traditional gladiolus plants
they can be planted in fall in zones 5 and warmer. Glads grow large spikes of big, brilliant flowers, and hardy glads
are so easy to grow!
Mountain bells are actually a low-growing allium variety. Perfect for borders or rock gardens, these short plants sprout hundreds of yellow, white and purple
flowers every spring. Just like tall alliums
, mountain bells are very resistant to deer and other animals!
It's hard to resist the cute, stocky flowers of Ranunculaceae, or anemone plants. They're quite hardy and can be planted in
fall. In spring, you'll see prolific blooms in shades of red, blue, violet or white. Some anemone varieties look similar to poppies
- making them perfect for the poppy-loving
gardener who wants a carefree plant! Others have small, daisy-like flowers. Anemones
are sometimes called windflowers
Beardless irises bloom alongside their bearded cousins in late spring. Iris ensata
, or Japanese iris
, along with Louisiana
and Siberian iris
species, are low
to the ground, and feature fluid-looking, butterfly-shaped petals. These relaxed flowers add a touch of elegance to any bed or planting.
Lavender mountain lilies:
Lavender mountain lilies, ixiolirion tataricum
, provide of a mass of fragrant violent-blue flowers.
Plant these in fall for a shot of lavender colour in spring! Lavender mountain lilies
perform well in bunches, whether planted in a bed, rock garden or border.
Daylilies bloom at the same time as Dutch irises
– and just like irises
, there are hundreds of cultivars in dozens of
colours, shapes and textures! You'll find daylilies (Hemerocallis)
in shades ranging from classic red to pastel pink to neon green. Look for candy-coloured daylilies
beautifully-hued centers or piped edges. Try short dwarf daylilies
, or big and bold double-flowering varieties. Many daylilies are the "reblooming
" sort, meaning that you'll get a
second round of flowers later in the season.
These fragrant lilies bloom near summertime, and include such classic flowers as tiger lilies
, stargazers and, of
course, the standard white Oriental lily. Try staggering Oriental lilies with earlier-blooming Asiatic lilies
for a nonstop show running from late spring through early summer!
Glads bloom just at that point of late spring when the weather turn toward the tropical. These big and beautiful
flower spikes work well when arranged in a variety of colours – bright Glamini glads
have become particularly popular.
From miniature dahlias to oversized “dinnerplate” types, dahlias
have taken over American gardens in recent years.
are planted in the spring, and bloom in summer. These high-impact flowers grow in a rainbow of colours, and, increasingly, you'll find massive flowers with amazing
patterns. A great way to add a touch of whimsy to your garden!
Begonias are one of those quintissentially "summertime" flowers. Hardy begonias, unlike the annual begonias sold in
many garden centers, will bloom year after year, and many constantly-blooming varieties will flower for several weeks or months. Try cascading begonias
for the perfect hanging
basket, or plant frilly double-blooming begonias
to add texture to a bed.
Cannas bloom in August or even September in some regions – making them excellent fillers for the post-July fade that may
happen with other flowers. Canna’s
tall stems sprout vivid, tropical flowers, and their foliage is glossy, too. They’re a great way to wind down the growing season!
Don’t let their short stature fool you: fiery crocosmia flowers
have a big impact in the garden. These red- or orange-coloured blooms add a lovely pop of energy
to beds or borders, and their presence won’t go unnoticed by butterflies and hummingbirds!