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Growing Tulips - Planting & Care Tips

Tulips
Tulips
People grow tulips for many reasons. They have gorgeous and colourful blooms. They are easy to grow and maintain. The look lovely whether planted in large groups or scattered here and there in borders, along pathways and beside buildings. And, of course, they are beautiful as cut flowers in a vase or bouquet.

If you are wondering how to plant tulips, we recommend following the steps below for the best blooms every spring. Pre-order your tulip bulbs to get the best selection. Your bulbs will be shipped directly from our facilities in Holland and arrive at your front door at the perfect planting time.

Choosing Tulips to Plant

There are several thousand varieties of tulip bulbs, so choosing the ones you want to grow might be the hardest part of the entire process. Tulips are available in many different colours, sizes and shapes. There are single tulips, double tulips, multicoloured tulips, parrot tulips, fringed tulips, Darwinhybrid tulips--the list goes on and on. If you haven't done it already, we suggest browsing the tulip selection on our site and see what appeals to you.

Where to Plant Tulips

Tulips are well suited for planting along walkways, in front of building foundations, beside fences, in spring borders or in large groups to create a sea of blooms. Use good-quality planting mix, not garden soil, if planting in a container. Containers should be large to give roots plenty of room for growth and keep bulbs healthy. Avoid placing containers in direct sunlight, to prevent the soil from warming up and tricking bulbs from sending up shoots too soon.

When to Plant Tulips

Tulips are planted in fall, before the ground is frozen. They need a cool season in the earth to begin growing their roots and preparing for dormancy. Depending on the zone in which you live, they are typically planted in September, October or November.

How to Plant Tulips

The keys to successfully growing tulips is preparing the soil prior to planting and then properly planting the bulbs. It sounds simple--and it is!

Preparing the Soil

Before your bulbs arrive, you can improve poor soil by adding some organic matter in the form of compost or aged manure and working it thoroughly into the existing soil. After this has been done and a few days have passed to allow the soil to settle, you are ready to plant your bulbs.

Planting the Bulbs

Place your tulip bulbs, tips facing upward, about 6 inches deep in well-drained, moderately loamy soil with some humus and sand added. This will help naturalizing or perennializing, and cut down on the risk of disease and fungus. Water after planting to ensure that your tulips develop a strong root system before going dormant during winter. After flowering, let bulb foliage wither before cutting. This allows sap in the foliage to return to the bulb, where it provides added strength for next year.

Essential Care for Tulips

If you remember the basics about plant care while growing tulips, you should be fine. Don't give them too much water. Don't let the soil become too dry. Feed them a couple of times each year. Unless they are hardy perennial tulips, like Darwinhybrids, lift the bulbs after the foliage has ripened and store them in a dry place during summer until you replant them in fall.

Watering

Water tulip bulbs thoroughly when planting in fall and again when they begin sprouting in spring. Do not overwater.

Feeding

Tulips perform best when compost is applied annually to provide them with nutrients needed for healthy blooms. Tulips should also receive plant food in fall and spring.

What to Do After Tulips Bloom

To encourage perennial tulips to return year after year, cut back the stem to the base of the plant after the flowers fade. Cut back foliage once it has turned brown. Most garden tulips are hybrids, so they are not perennials; their bulbs should be dug up and composted.

How to Cut Tulip Flowers

Tulips should be cut while the buds are still tight. Trim off at least half an inch of each stem, cutting at a 45-degree angle. Fill a clean vase with room-temperature water and place the tulip stems in the vase. You may notice the cut tulips elongating as they absorb water. If the stems become too long, snip a few inches off the bottom. Change the water every couple of days.

Tulip Varieties

Few things in nature are as beautiful as a flowering tulip standing at attention beneath a clear, blue sky. What's more, the appearance of those first tulip sprouts of the season poking up through the soil brings with it the expectation of a spectacular springtime show in the landscape. There are many, many varieties of these beloved bulbs. Some of our favourites include Red Dynasty, Apricot Pride, Rainbow Parrot, Temple of Beauty, Blue Heron, Queensland and Nachtwacht. Some growers purchase our mixtures and collections as affordable options for adding large amounts of tulip beauty to their green spaces.

Perennial tulips are special because, unlike many hybrids, they come back reliably year after year. Besides choosing a truly perennial variety, there are a few steps you can take to ensure perennial performance... Plant bulbs in well-drained soil. This will help naturalizing or perennializing and cut down on the risk of disease and fungus. Plant bulbs deep. Measuring from the base of the bulb, place the tulip about 6" inches deep. Water after planting. This will ensure that your tulips develop a strong root system before going into winter dormancy. After the blossoms have peaked, remove the flower heads and allow the green foliage to die back. Fertilize in fall and spring.

Tulips are very easy to grow. Most gardeners plant their bulbs in November in full sun. Place your tulips about 6" deep in moderately loamy soil with some humus and sand added. After flowering, allow bulb foliage to wither before cutting - that way, sap in the foliage returns to the bulb where it provides added strength for next year.

Darwinhybrids are tulips beloved for their large, egg-shaped blooms and tall, strong stems that can withstand the wind and the rain. They are cultivated extensively as cut flowers due to their size, sturdiness and wide range of bright colours. Darwinhybrids are among the best tulips blooming for up to five years each spring when care is taken to remove their faded blooms. For best results, plant them in fertile, well-drained soil where they will receive a good amount of morning sunshine but will not be subjected to too much direct afternoon sunlight during hot weather. Some of our favorites are Sun Gold Jumbo, Halley's Comet and Guinevere Jumbo Perennial Tulips.

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